There are four main titles to follow, all of which you need.
The Story World: Your going to want to setup your world. What is your world like? Is it present? Is it in the past or the future? It’s definitely somewhere. This is for you to decide. Try to make your characters familiar with the world you choose.
Plot: The plot defines what goes on in the story. Try to match the plot with the world and the characters. The plot should have an emotional strike somewhere in it, something to give your readers that rare sense of excitement which urges them to read more.
Characters: All of your characters are important. They each have a past, a present, and a future. Your characters are the very glue of the structure. Ideally, it’s a good idea to keep a small list of main characters. You can have as much sub-characters as you like, but the more you have, the harder it is to organize your plot. If you happen to be a great organizer, you should have no trouble using large amounts of sub-characters.
Theme: What is your theme? The theme defines your story. It is what your story is based on; whether it is romance, action, drama, or other. No matter what story you write, bad or good, it has a theme.
These four definitions are the binding of your ability to write a story. Follow these guidelines; make sure they are all incorporated in your story. If you really want a good story, these guidelines are the ones to follow.