Always, always, use descriptive words. So many readers get upset when the story is blank, and they lose they’re reading ‘appetite’ just by flipping through the first few pages. Now that we have descriptive words covered, its time to go to the ‘descriptive scenery’ spot. Almost all of the people who try to write a good book are stuck on this for a while. It’s very hard to write a description of the area the character is. Usually it takes a long time to get good background information.
Example; “Bob opened his eyes to see sunlight streaming out of his window, he glanced at his clock. 10:38! He was late for work! Bob growled and threw his alarm clock on the ground. It works when I don’t need it, and fails me when I need it most.. he thought.”
Of course you have no idea what was happening in that story, because it’s only a sentence, but here’s a bad example of that sentence, with no description of his background, and no descriptive words. “Bob opened his eyes and looked at his clock. 10:38! He was late for work! Bob picked up his alarm clock and threw it on the ground. “Ugh!” he said.”
Secondly, all writers want to have a good idea of what they’re writing about. Say someone wants to write about Ireland, but they’ve never been there. How would they describe it? Never describe something you’ve never seen before.
Thirdly, always make character thoughts in italic, so the reader can distinguish it from the normal dialogue.